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Hip Dysplasia In Dogs

By John O'Keefe December 17, 2018

Dog Hip Dysplasia

First of all, what is hip dysplasia? Hip dysplasia is a developmental bone disease in which the head of the thigh bone improperly fits in the hip socket, causing cartilage damage and progressive joint destruction, pain, and swelling. This infection should not be confused with hip arthritis. Instead, it is the most common cause of hip arthritis. Canine hip dysplasia is one of the most devastating diseases in veterinary medicine today because it is very difficult to treat or prevent.

What causes hip dysplasia?

In large breed dogs especially, the beginning of hip dysplasia is mostly commonly associated with periods of rapid growth, when dogs are between three and nine months of age. Therefore, it is better to understand the reasons for this accelerated growth rate. Feeding your puppy with a high-calorie food loaded with carbohydrates and synthetic nutrients can worsen the susceptibility of hip dysplasia because rapid weight gain increases the pressure on the hips. Unnecessary weight gain during this period renders a higher occurrence and more devastating change in dogs. The excess weight doubles the large breed genetic potential for hip dysplasia.

Diet During Rapid Growth Period

Pooches that are allowed to eat as much as they want at any time they want to grow much faster than dogs that eat limited amounts of food. This increase in the rate of growth during the puppy stage can cause the body to develop intermittently and make the hips more vulnerable to hip dysplasia. Also, supplementation of certain nutrients can reverse the important phosphorus/calcium balance in the body, which also plays a role in skeletal formation. This is specifically in reference to calcium supplements.

Too Much Calcium

Taking too much calcium during rapid growth periods can cause hip dysplasia in dogs; this is because the extra calcium can accelerate the growth process, which causes bones not to form properly. In the same way, too little calcium can also play a role in the formation of abnormal bones.

Many professional dog breeders encourage new dog owners to supplement their food with calcium during the first year of the dog’s life for the prophylactic measure. Though they may mean well, it can actually create bone problems in your dog, and in addition, it produces defects in other nutrients.


Insufficient Exercise

Another factor that encourages the condition is insufficient exercise. During the rapid growth period, young dogs should not jump up and down (like jumping up to catch a ball) and standing on their hind legs should be discouraged. As well as running on pavement.


Genetic Inheritance

And lastly, hip dysplasia in dogs can be inherited genetically, particularly in large breeds of dogs. Sometimes, the disease goes through generations, but the possibilities increase for the dog if the disease affects its immediate ancestry. Though genetics is not the only cause, since it can also develop due to the above mentioned factors, it is best to be as educated and aware as possible in finding a proper diet and exercise regimen to meet the needs of your specific breed of dog.

Symptoms of Dog Hip Dysplasia

In a dysplastic joint, the femoral head weakly fits into an ill-developed, shallow acetabulum. In serious cases, the femoral head is totally out of joint and arthritic changes are marked. Joint wear and instability occur as muscular growth lack behind the rate of skeletal development. The age of the beginning of hip dysplasia is 4 to 12 months old, and the puppy will show the affected symptoms. Here are some signs to tell if your dog may have hip dysplasia.

Trouble Walking:  The major symptom of dog hip dysplasia is when the pooch has distress in walking or seems to limp on one or both hind legs. Though both of the back legs will be affected by this, the pup may show a limp on the most vulnerable side. Annoying pain will not allow the dog to enjoy any of its normal activities, like running, playing or walking. He will also avoid jumping or climbing stairs and will have difficulty getting up after sitting or lying. There will also be pains in the back/ hip region.

Physical Changes: Another important symptom of hip dysplasia is the physical changes, such as muscle wasting in the hip area and underdeveloped thigh muscles. The shoulder muscles will develop as the pooch will places the excess weight in this area that his hind legs will not be able to carry.

Hind Legs Cow-Hocked: If the puppy is too slow to stand on the four legs, or climbs steps or even jumps, this may show that it will grow to develop hip dysplasia. Another strong indicator is whether the puppy's hind legs are cow-hocked, something similar to knock-kneed in humans.

Breeds Susceptible To Hip Dysplasia

Large, energetic dogs usually have a higher risk of developing hip dysplasia. Though, hip dysplasia is also considered a hereditary condition, which means that it tends to affect some specific breeds more than others. Some of the most susceptible breeds to hip dysplasia include Golden retrievers, Germans shepherds, Labrador retrievers, Rottweilers, Boxers, Mastiffs, Bulldogs, St. Bernard, Corgis and Pugs.

But, hip dysplasia is not only a genetic condition. It can as well be due to lifestyle and environmental factors, also a particular trauma to the hip or hind legs. Again, very active dogs may be more prone to hip dysplasia because their joints are under increased pressure, increasing the risk of developing an injury that can lead to hip dysplasia. Some research also shows that castrating dogs before reaching full maturity can increase the risk of hip dysplasia. Overweight or injured dogs at an early age may be more likely to develop hip dysplasia later in life as well.

Treatment of Dog Hip Dysplasia

Dog hip dysplasia is very painful, and it is tragic for any dog owner to witness his or her pet suffering from this condition. The disease is so severe that the dog will have difficulty performing its usual activities, and the pain is so intense that it can change the dog’s mood. Most likely, the dog will not want to play or do any kind of exercise. Fortunately, there are many treatment options available to help relieve your dog of this pain. If your dog is suffering from hip dysplasia, you can help your dog ease the pain with Bailey's CBD Oil.  Since dog hip dysplasia is a type of degenerative arthritis, joint supplements, which help pooches with arthritis, can as well help your dog with hip dysplasia.

CBD can help your puppy with Hip Dysplasia: it is a natural compound found in hemp, a cousin of the cannabis plant. No, this is not “weed" and it certainly will not make your puppy feel "high." The psychotropic effects associated with cannabis high are caused by a chemical called THC. You can read more about this in our article “The Spectrum Of The Cannabis Plant.”

Bailey's CBD is free of THC and is made from organically grown hemp that is legal in the United States, Canada and many other countries in the world. Now, it is possible you already know about CBD, because the compound has received a lot of attention from media outlets and news broadcasters in recent times. But did you know that the CBD can greatly help reduce swelling, pain, and even inflammation caused by hip dysplasia?

Well, believe me, it can. You can read our testimonials here. On the next paragraphs, I will discuss how the active ingredients in Bailey's CBD supplements can help ease the effect hip dysplasia has on your puppy.


One of the main reasons why Bailey's CBD supplements are very effective in treating hip dysplasia is because it is a powerful anti-inflammatory. Several studies have shown that CBD delivered to the body, either by means of an oil-based tincture, a consumable treat, or as topical balm can reduce inflammation in different parts of the body. This is because CBD activates the endocannabinoid system. This system (found in all animals) is a very complex compound, and scientists are still not 100% sure exactly how it works. The studies show that endocannabinoids are involved in the management of nearly all types of bodily functions, including appetite, metabolism, pain and inflammation, stress and emotional responses.

When the CBD reacts with the cannabinoid receptors that make up the ECS (endocannabinoid system), it usually starts a range of processes that help ease inflammation and subdue pain signals that are transmitted to the brain. After all, this is the reason why CBD has become such a popular remedy for arthritis. By interacting with certain receptors in the brain and body, the compound can reduce inflammation caused by the wear and tear of the joint. The same is true for hip dysplasia in dogs.

Research shows that 75 percent of pooches with hip dysplasia will lead normal lives with the right supplements, diet, exercise and wise management. And believe me, if you use Bailey's CBD supplements to treat your dog’s hip dysplasia, your dog will thank you.


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